Social media and cyber crimes in India

The following article is based on my own interpretation of the said events. Any material borrowed from published and unpublished sources has been appropriately referenced. I will bear the sole responsibility for anything that is found to have been copied or misappropriated or misrepresented in the following post.

Sujoy Nandy, MBA 2015-17, Vinod Gupta School of Management, IIT Kharagpur


Internet facilities are now available to almost every middle class families in India and where it was a luxury almost a decade ago. Thanks to the IT boom and following the reduction in charges of the internet services. now most of the people have basic access to world wide web at their homes and mobile phones. A school going child now has an email id of his own, a Facebook account , a twitter account and may be some more of social media accounts. Everybody loves to post status messages in their accounts, display personal pictures, informations and other details to the world. By doing this they may unknowingly becoming vulnerable to the outside hackers who may want some critical information to misuse them.
Report has shown that Indians overuse and are overdependent on social media. Most of the cyber crimes happening in the country are due to the social media.The findings of the Internet Security Threat Report 2015 shows that encryption,used for securing important data, is used to keep people’s personal data as hostage. Now more vital personal data are available to the outside hackers through online apps, social media and other online data postings. India is 3rd in list countries from where cyber attacks have originated.
Owing to this issue, we all should take steps so that cyber crimes are reduced. We should not rely much on the online data. We should stop posting personal data on social networks. We should use strong passwords, avoid password sharing at all costs and learn more about cyber threats. We should not click malicious links and be very careful during online monetary transactions. Cyber crime is definitely a growing problem which needs to be stopped at any cost.

References: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/Social-media-revolution-attracts-cyber-criminals-to-India/articleshow/51931719.cms

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Investsment in renewable energy program by developed nations

The following article is based on my own interpretation of the said events. Any material borrowed from published and unpublished sources has been appropriately referenced. I will bear the sole responsibility for anything that is found to have been copied or misappropriated or misrepresented in the following post.

Sujoy Nandy, MBA 2015-17, Vinod Gupta School of Management, IIT Kharagpur


 

Renewable energy is the energy obtained from naturally replenished sources like sunlight,waves,tides,wind etc. Renewable energy sources present a significant opportunity for energy efficiency as they exist over a vast landscape in contrast to other conventional sources which are concentrated on few geographical areas. Renewable energy sources are environment friendly sources as they do not pollute the atmosphere unlike the fossil fuel burnings. They are used in multiple ways like as in power generation, heating, transportation etc.
Recently India has said that developed nations of the world should encourage renewable energy programmes. India has launched the world’s largest renewable program and a very small part of it for Indian manufacturers. Participation and encouragement of developed nations in this regard is a must. WTO had recently said that the Indian government’s power purchase agreements with solar firms were inconsistent with international norms. US too had alleged that India’s solar power mission were discriminatory in nature.India had come to New York for signing the Paris agreement with confidence that finally collective wisdom will prevail and all the countries will do their part.
We observe that if and only if the developed nations which have more carbon emissions take steps to participate in the usage of renewable sources,then only any collective agreement will stand. The developed nations too should tax their coal and other conventional source to reduce the carbon footprints. Every step to protect the climate has a cost and this cost has to be borne by all. Due to the growing global warming and pollution, developed nations should not leave any stone unturned to invest in renewable sources because the developed world has caused the climate change of today because of their 100 years of relentless carbon emissions. So the responsibility is also more for the developed nations requiring them to achieve more targets.

References: http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/developed-nations-should-encourage-renewable-energy-programmes-india/articleshow/51938388.cms

 

The growing number of wifi enabled railway stations in india

The following article is based on my own interpretation of the said events. Any material borrowed from published and unpublished sources has been appropriately referenced. I will bear the sole responsibility for anything that is found to have been copied or misappropriated or misrepresented in the following post.

Sujoy Nandy, MBA 2015-17, Vinod Gupta School of Management, IIT Kharagpur


Recently we got the news that Railtel, the Indian Railways’ arm that provides internet services as RailWire , along with Google launched free high-speed public wifi at Bhubaneshwar railway station. Now Bhubaneshwar is one among the other railway stations in India that provides free wifi facilities. The other stations include Pune, Mumbai, Bhopal, Ranchi, Raipur, Vijayawada, Hyderabad, Kochi and Vishakhapatnam. The target is to cover other 100 major stations by the end of 2016.
Wifi is one of the most important technologies of computer networking. This enabling of wifi in the railway stations will allow the commuters to access wireless internet service. How valuable it would it be for the commuters to use the internet for reading news, for cancelling or booking a railway on line ticket, use networking sites and communicate with others. Now business people will have a breath of relief as they will be able to use their laptops in the railway stations for official work during long train delays. The technology will enable the commuters to catch a live match while waiting at the station. This wifi can serve a great purpose by providing free connectivity to a large number of commuters and will set a new benchmark for providing a reliable and consistent connectivity in the country.
This great work by the Indian Railways minister serves the need to modernise the facilities provided by the Indian railways and making them comparable to the global standards. Indian Railways has taken the lead to offer the best Wi-Fi network experience available to passengers today in the country. While the service will be free for a reasonable amount of time, the long-term goal will be  to make this project self-sustainable to allow for expansion to more stations and places, with RailTel and other partners, in the future.

References : http://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/free-wi-fi-at-bhubaneswar-rail-station-116041500673_1.html

India – “The one-eyed king in the land of the blind.”

The following article is based on my own interpretation of the said events. Any material borrowed from published and unpublished sources has been appropriately referenced. I will bear the sole responsibility for anything that is found to have been copied or misappropriated or misrepresented in the following post.

Sujoy Nandy, MBA 2015-17, Vinod Gupta School of Management, IIT Kharagpur


 

India has recently been described as the one eyed king by RBI chief Raghuram Rajan when India is described as a bright spot in the global economy.
What he truly meant is though we have made immense progress in various sectors like technology, healthcare, transport, finance etc. we still need to go a very long way to make us feel comfortable in the global scenario. Talking about our achievements in the fiscal fronts like inflation is down from 11% to below 5% has allowed the interest rates to come down. This has given an impetus to investments. Technology has enabled banking simpler than never before. The new platform launched allows mobile to mobile transfers between any two bank accounts in India. This public platform can be used by anybody. However again we need to educate the masses in the rural and remote areas about this new technique so that more people adopts it.
If we see the other aspects, though the percentage of English speaking people have increased, still there is high level of illiteracy among the people and specially among the women. Many people still lack the basic amenities like access to running water and other basic infrastructure. India has seen its imports grow faster than the exports which means we need to attract capital flows to finance the deficit. Inequality has risen rather than decreased. Growth has been disproportionate favouring only the rich and skilled . Agriculture employs a large number of people but this is an inefficient sector and reforms have proven slow. Monsoon still plays a big part in the economy.
Mr Rajan also added that India was nearly a decade behind China in terms of the start of the reform process. We will be able to catch up with China if proper things are done at the right time. However our economy is unique and we need to take steps which suit our climate.All this needs working very hard and improving the human and physical capital, making effective regulatory environment and good access to finance. Then only we will be stepping on the path of being a true king.

 

References: http://www.ndtv.com/india-news/indian-economy-like-one-eyed-king-in-land-of-blind-rbi-governor-raghuram-rajan-1396121

A new hope towards curing cancer

The following article is based on my own interpretation of the said events. Any material borrowed from published and unpublished sources has been appropriately referenced. I will bear the sole responsibility for anything that is found to have been copied or misappropriated or misrepresented in the following post.

Sujoy Nandy, MBA 2015-17, Vinod Gupta School of Management, IIT Kharagpur


It has been reported that researchers have developed a new technique to convert skin cells into cancer hunting cells that can destroy brain tumours known as glioblastoma.
This can be a very big milestone in the treatment of the disease. Normally the survival rate for a person with this type of disease is about 30%. With the discovery of this method, it gives a ray of light to all of those suffering from this disease. The research team also established that the stem cells can also be engineered to produce a tumour killing protein, thus an another successful assault on cancer.
We all know that cancer is a deadly disease. It is said that it happens due to the abnormal growth of cells. The exact causes is yet unknown. If cancer is detected in early stages, then only its cure is possible. However it is incurable in advanced stages. Many people of the world die each year due to this deadly disease. Lack of proper and effective cure makes this disease a global health problem. Often the available chemotherapy and other treatment are quite costly and can’t be availed by most patients.
With the discovery of these new techniques and ground breaking discoveries, we are getting close to the victory over cancer. However these treatments are quite costly now but with the passage of time, it is expected that a common man will be able to afford the treatments. We all hope that soon we will be able to discover treatments that would treat cancer permanently at any stage without any side effects and the disease will be completely eradicated from the face of the earth.

References:  timesofindia.indiatimes.com/life-style/health-fitness/health-news/New-method-to-kill-brain-cancer-with-skin-cells/articleshow/51139071.cms

 

The JNU Controversy

The following article is based on my own interpretation of the said events. Any material borrowed from published and unpublished sources has been appropriately referenced. I will bear the sole responsibility for anything that is found to have been copied or misappropriated or misrepresented in the following post.

Sujoy Nandy, MBA 2015-17, Vinod Gupta School of Management, IIT Kharagpur


 

On February 9th, 2016, a bunch of JNU students had organised a meeting to mourn and discuss about the so called “Judicial Murder” of Afzal Guru, the perpetrator of 2001 attack on parliament. The gathering also discussed about the issue of “Free Kashmir”. It was reported that several anti India slogans were chanted.This led to a nationwide hatred towards JNU, arrests, charges of sedition and further protests.
There are various versions of the story from here and there. It is said that the anti Indian slogans were raised by outside students, not by the insiders of JNU. People involved in the protest were alleging that police action against the students is acting against the freedom of speech. Freedom of speech is granted by our Indian constitution but it doesn’t mean misusing it any form that would harm the peace of the country. Freedom of speech doesn’t allow us to speak and chant anything that would be against the national interest. The protesters should be glad that they were doing this in India! Had it been in any other country like China Or U.S.A., they would have to pay a heavy price for that.They would have been punished and put under a surveillance programme for the rest of their lives.
It is a well established fact that Afzal Guru was responsible for the parliament attacks in 2001. Speaking against capital punishment is fine but branding a terrorist as a martyr is never accepted. It is always insane to speak against the motherland which gave you food , clothing, shelter and education. When we see that our brave soldiers like Hanumanthappa dies in extreme cold on his duty towards motherland, we become sad but the sadness increases more when we learn that our own countrymen speaking against their own motherland. On the issues of banning the university, I would say that it should not be banned as innocent students should not suffer due to few miscreants. However this should be dealt strictly so that such instances do not get repeated in future.

References: http://www.ibnlive.com/news/buzz/the-jnu-students-views-on-the-whole-fiasco-that-everyone-needs-to-read-about-1204060.html

 

Curbing marine pollution by plastics

The following article is based on my own interpretation of the said events. Any material borrowed from published and unpublished sources has been appropriately referenced. I will bear the sole responsibility for anything that is found to have been copied or misappropriated or misrepresented in the following post.

Sujoy Nandy, MBA 2015-17, Vinod Gupta School of Management, IIT Kharagpur

 


 

We know that plastics and pollybags are an important part of
our everyday lives.Plastics find their uses in a variety of
ways like clothing, storage, transportation , packaging ,
construction and a lot of varied ways. They have always helped
us in carrying and keeping our items of use.
However the durability of the plastics come with a cost.
Plastics are not decomposed by the micro organisms and they
remain undecomposed in the soil. They also present a danger of
polluting the water and disturbing the marine life. They
release toxic pollutants like POPs affecting the wildlife and
human race. Mainly because of irresponsible behaviour, a lot of
plastic debris gets collected and cause an environmental
threat. These debris enter the world’s oceans and disturb the
ecological balance.
The scientists says that the problem can be resolved by
combining methods like regulations of use, stressing on reuse
and recycle and findind an alternative to plastics. This is
said in a paper presented by NIO scientists during the 5th
International Conference on Ecotoxicology and Environmental
Sciences held in Kochi the previous week. Such measures can’t
be accomplished by the government alone. A lot of public
support is needed to solve this issue. Plastics will no doubt
continue to be a very important commodity for us in future as
well but hopefully we will be able to reduce its damaging
impact on the environment and the marine life.

References: http://www.firstpost.com/world/reduce-reuse-and-recycle-scientists-suggest-novel-way-to-curb-marine-pollution-by-plastics-2642834.html?utm_source=FP_CAT_LATEST_NEWS

The Deadly Heat Wave

The following article is based on my own interpretation of the said events. Any material borrowed from published and unpublished sources has been appropriately referenced. I will bear the sole responsibility for anything that is found to have been copied or misappropriated or misrepresented in the following post.

Sujoy Nandy, MBA 2015-17, Vinod Gupta School of Management, IIT Kharagpur


 

A recent research by the National Centre for Atmospheric
Research has declared that without sizeable reductions in earth
warming emissions, strong heat waves that now typically occur
once every 20 years could happen annually on 60 percent of the
Earth’s land areas by 2075.
We know the green house gases like water vapour, Carbon
dioxide, methane and ozone have a property of radiating heat
and making the earth hotter than it is supposed to be without
the greenhouse gases. This greenhouse effect is critical for
supporting life. However when the greenhouse emissions are
increased, they are responsible of heating the earth beyond
reasonable limits causing the global warming.
The extreme heat wave can have dangerous
impact on the life. The poor people will be getting affected
more because of their greater exposure to the heat waves. It is
estimated that by 2050, heat waves that happen on average once
in 20 years would be at least 3 degree Celsius hotter on 60 percent
of the Earth’s land areas than now. this can cause heat
strokes and deaths.This can also cause melting of glaciers and
other problems.
Total 195 countries have earlier agreed a new UN deal to reduce
their carbon footprints and curbing emissions.However the steps
taken by them are not up to the mark till now. The current
research plans to educate the world by studying and quantifying
the effects of reducing emissions. The positive effects will be
on health, agriculture, rainfall, hurricanes,droughts etc.  It
is time that the countries act fast to reduce their emissions
so as to prevent any future apocalypse as shown in Hollywood
disaster movies.

References: http://www.ndtv.com/world-news/every-year-could-bring-a-heat-
wave-if-climate-change-continues-1280981

The Indian Brain Drain

The following article is based on my own interpretation of the said events. Any material borrowed from published and unpublished sources has been appropriately referenced. I will bear the sole responsibility for anything that is found to have been copied or misappropriated or misrepresented in the following post.

Sujoy Nandy, MBA 2015-17, Vinod Gupta School of Management, IIT Kharagpur


 

Indian American professor Dr. Rakesh K. Jain along with other 16 scientists, engineers, mathematicians, and innovators will receive the National Medals of Science and Technology and Innovation from President Mr Barrack Obama on coming Friday 22nd January 2016.

Mr Jain, a B.Tech. in Chemical Engineering from IIT Kanpur and a Professor at Harvard Medical School and director of tumour biology laboratory at Massachusetts General Hospital, will receive the National Medal of Science. Mr Jain is regarded as a pioneer in the area of tumour micro-environment and widely recognized for his seminal discoveries in tumour biology, drug delivery, in vivo imaging, bioengineering, and bench-to-bedside translation. This award recognizes those who have made lasting contribution to the American way of life and boosted its technological workforce.

This news gives us a feeling of pride for a moment but then we think for a while that what if this person has given his services to our country.  Wouldn’t this have made a difference to the Indian way of living and the Indian workforce?

Our country faces a lot of brain drain. Most of the skilled workforce which include doctors, engineers, scientists and technicians leave their motherland in search of better opportunities abroad. Our country has a large population to take care of and fewer good institutes to take care of higher education for everyone. The seats in top technical institutes like IITs and NITs are limited and hence good students who fail to secure a seat in these colleges don’t want to comprise and set out to foreign destinations in spite of higher costs.

What happens that most often the students get seduced by the good global exposure and high quality life and facilities and become reluctant to return back to India. It is quite natural that the skilled people would prefer US green cards and EU blue cards over the unattractive pay packages of a developing country like India. So India loses a large part of its skilled workforce every year.

It’s time for India to take action for this growing phenomenon. Government can make the emigrants sign bonds that after completing their education, they have to return back. In addition to this the government also needs to develop better colleges and opportunities for the skilled population. We all hope that in future we get to hear about more professors like Dr. Jain receiving awards for bringing a change in the life style of India.

References:

Obama to award Science Medal to Indian-American professor

http://www.studyabroad.careers360.com/brain-drain-boon-developed-countries-bane-india