The following article is based on my own interpretation of the said events. Any material borrowed from published and unpublished sources has been appropriately referenced. I will bear the sole responsibility for anything that is found to have been copied or misappropriated or misrepresented in the following post.
Thomas John, MBA 2015-17, Vinod Gupta School of Management, IIT Kharagpur
Heatwave in India happens mostly in patches and in few states at a time. However, around now heatwave conditions have occurred not only early but also at the same time in a large chunk of the country.
Yes, it’s true that heatwave conditions are witnessed mostly in few pockets of a particular state however in almost all the states of East, Central and Peninsular India.
At present, heatwave conditions are prevailing in pockets of Maharashtra, Telangana, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Karnataka. Temperatures still break records at many places and the death toll has touched atleast hundred thirty.The intrinsic characteristic of heatwave is that it solely happens in pockets and not in a whole region or state.
April, May and June are the hottest months in India with summer season peaking in May, in most parts of the country. June is the onset of Southwest Monsoon in Central and Peninsular India and North India remains hot.
Heatwave is pervasive and a major phenomenon in India, claiming many lives every year. Heat comes in spurts and lasts for less than five to seven days as it is also the season for thundershowers. Heatwave per say is prominent within the interiors of the country. Hilly regions, Northeast India and coastal regions usually don’t witness heatwave conditions.
In plains, temperatures ought to exceed 40°C for declaring heatwave however within the coastal stations 40°C would amount to staggeringly hot weather if maximum touches the 40-degree mark. Even this criteria has been overruled this year as Chandbali, a coastal station in Odisha exceeded 40°C. Few coastal stations in Andhra Pradesh have also seen the mercury rise on top of 40°C. All in all, we are able to say that 2016 is turning out to be exceptionally hot and oppressive.