The following article is based on my own interpretation of the said events. Any material borrowed from published and unpublished
sources has been appropriately referenced. I will bear the sole responsibility for anything that is found to have been copied or
misappropriated or misrepresented in the following post.
Akula Manikanta, MBA 2015-17, Vinod Gupta School of Management, IIT Kharagpur.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is the world’s most powerful body which is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations. Its powers include the establishment of peacekeeping
operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions.The Security Council consists of fifteen members. The great powers that were the victors of World War II—Russia, the
United Kingdom, France, China, and the United States serve as the body’s five permanent members.
India is striving hard to get a permanent membership in the UN security council.As part of its strategy to get a permanent status, India is playing a very active role in maintaining good bilateral relations with nations who are supporting it. Providing financial aids to the countries like Afghanistan,Burundi,Myanmar etc. to get support from these nations and India’s role among the ASEAN,SAARC,BRICS countries is also important to get this coveted status and thus join the 5 permanent countries in UN security council.
India can become a permanent member through security council reforms which needs 2/3rd of member nations support and approval by all 5 permanent members of the security council(who have veto rights). As of now, India does not have any
major opposition in becoming a permanent member of the UN Security Council. However, it is also unlikely that it will be granted the veto power. Not only will the P5 be against granting the veto power to any new permanent member, there are many countries who are
against the current veto power.
Out of the P5, China is the main country which opposed India’s addition as a permanent member but is now opening up. India faces regional opposition but that will probably not affect it’s likelihood of being a permanent member. If India is
not added as a permanent member, there is also a likelihood of reform which includes lengthening the terms of some of the non-permanent seats. Or options for reelection of non permanent members. This will benefit India as well because there are countries which
are opposite to new permanent members.
Nobody knows about when does any reform of the Security Council will take place. It could happen really soon or it could take a long time or even it may never happen. This will all be based on the opposition and the negotiation which takes place.