The following article is based on my own interpretation of the said events. Any material borrowed from published and unpublished sources has been appropriately referenced. I will bear the sole responsibility for anything that is found to have been copied or misappropriated or misrepresented in the following post.
Piyush Sharma, MBA 2015-17, Vinod Gupta School of Management, IIT Kharagpur
Part III: “Arab Spring Aftermath”
Arab Spring would be the most prominent example to study the power of Social Media in this Information Age. How one Facebook post triggered a series of uprisings and changed the course of politics and international relations forever. Arab Spring started from Tunisia and spread across North Africa and Middle East within few months. Till now, it has created 3 failed states and several more autocratic states. This struggle has further weakened the established institutions in these countries. The States now presume more control over the government than ever. Only Exception is Tunisia itself which has gone on the path of Democracy.
Arab Spring spread with the hope of increase in basic fundamental rights, inclusive decision making, an accountable government, less corruption, more jobs and development. But after 5 years, it has turned out to be a different picture painted with the blood of thousands of innocent citizens. Yemen, Syria and Libya have become the victim of international power struggle and going into darkness with each passing day. Many militant groups have emerged, fighting for their so called independence. Some like IS spreading the radical thinking across the world and want to establish a Caliphate. On the other hand organizations like Al-Qaeda and Boko Haram trying to establish themselves into new territories. With the help of internet, these organizations have targeted the youth and presented a deformed interpretation of their ancient scripts as per their benefit. Gorilla suicide attacks in developed nations have increased drastically because now the enemy does not lie just beyond the border.
Arab Spring started as the beacon of hope of better future but what it became is a messy game of dominance where vested interests and ultimate win guides the next move. Countries are being treated as pawn in this power struggle. The suffering of common people has been side-lined as collateral damage and price for greater dominance. Arab Spring is not the sole example of establishing dominance. History is filled with such struggles since the known. World Wars and Colonization are most prominent examples of human greediness for dominance which ended with millions of lives. Sometimes this left me pondering that ‘Is there any limit to men greed?