The following article is based on my own interpretation of the said events. Any material borrowed from published and unpublished sources has been appropriately referenced. I will bear the sole responsibility for anything that is found to have been copied or misappropriated or misrepresented in the following post.
Soumen Maitra, EMBA KOL 2015-18, Vinod Gupta School of Management, IIT Kharagpur
It is well known that child trafficking is a growing problem of modern India. According to the survey of a English diary,it is said that in every 8 min a child is being kidnapped from any part of India. Among all the states Maharashtra ranks first in this crime. Human trafficking ii the third largest organized crime after drugs and arms trade across the globe. Thousands of children are being trafficked from India’s remote rural areas and sold into work in cities and often as domestic staff for wealthy family.
According to WHO report,150 million girls & 73 million boys were subjected to various forms of sexual assaults. The number could be much higher as many child and their families do not report such incident due to social stigma and fear of being socially ostracized. Children in New Delhi take part in a candlelit vigil to end child slavery in November 2014 .Between 2001 and 2003, more than 10,500 children were registered as missing from the central state of Chhattisgarh, which is one of India’s poorest states. The majority are believed to have been trafficked out of the state and into domestic work or to any other form of child labour in the cities. The different forms of exploitation of the child who fall prey to trafficking are
- Begging, drug peddling, smuggling and organ trade
- Forced prostitution, socially and religious sanctified form of prostitution.
- Work which by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out is likely to harm the health, safety or moral of children
- Circus ,beer bars, dance troupes and jockeys
The factors which is affecting the trafficking of children are poverty , child marriage and dowry , female infanticide and feticide, unsafe migration, traditional customs and social cultural norms, low level of education, lack of employment, gender and minority discrimination. Approximately 80% of persons trafficked annually across international borders and .In India over the last decade, the volume of trafficking has increased. There are various laws that have been laid down in the Indian Context in order to curb the menace of child trafficking. Although there is an immoral traffic prevention Act in place to aide in the immorality of human trafficking, but as long as we all should remember and admit that trafficking of children threatens human security and human development of any country, it shall be just an law in its place.