Inter- linking of rivers in India

“The following article is based on my own interpretation of the said events. Any material borrowed from published and unpublished sources has been appropriately referenced. I will bear the sole responsibility for anything that is found to have been copied or misappropriated or misrepresented in the following post.”

Satyananda Swain, EMBA 2015-18, Vinod Gupta School of Management, IIT Kharagpur



Water is the most valuable natural resource and as we know that  the availability of fresh water is limited.The rainfall is the prime source of water however the rainfall in India is highly uneven both in space and time.People living in acute shortage areas will increase more in near future.Also variation in this natural  resource will lead to creations of water surplus and water deficient regions.


The precipitation patter in India is uneven and varies across the distance and over the month.The northeastern part of the country receives heavy precipitation in comparision to northwestern,western and sourthern parts.The lack of irrigation in large part of the country leads to crop failure and farmer suicide.Adequate irrigation for the populated India is a growing need for the river inter linking.

 Interlinking of Rivers (ILR) Programme

  • Interlinking of River (ILR) programme is of national importance and the  mission of this programme is to ensure greater equity in the distribution of water by enhancing the availability of water in drought prone and rainfed area.
  • Under the National Perspective Plan (NPP) prepared by Ministry of Water Resources, NWDA has already identified 14 links under Himalayan Rivers Component and 16 links under Peninsular Rivers Component for inter basin transfer of water.
  • Out of these, Feasibility Reports of 14 links under Peninsular Component and 2 links (Indian portion) under Himalayan Component have been prepared.


The inter- linking of rivers  have the following benefits:

i) Flood  and Drought control

ii) water for irrigation

iii)Increasing of water availability for Drinking purpose /Domestic use

iv) Mitigating the effects of drought and floods to a certain extent.


The overall implementation of Interlinking of Rivers programme under National Perspective Plan would give benefits of 35 million  hectares of irrigation, raising the ultimate irrigation potential from 140 million hectare to 175 million hectare and generation of 34000 megawatt of power, apart from the incidental benefits of flood control, navigation, water supply, fisheries, salinity and pollution control etc.Recently Andhra Pradesh  took the historic step of interlinking its two major rivers Godavari and Krishna, a development that is being seen as a boon for farmers of Krishna delta mainly those in Krishna and Guntur districts, who have been facing acute shortage of water  scarcity.The interlinking involves diversion of about 80 TMC of water from Godavari  to Krishna via a canal. , and Times of India news Paper dated  17 .09.2015


Satyananda Swain,EMBA 2015-18,

Vinod Gupta School of Management,

IIT Kharagpur.


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