The following article is based on my own interpretation of the said events. Any material borrowed from published and unpublished sources has been appropriately referenced. I will bear the sole responsibility for anything that is found to have been copied or misappropriated or misrepresented in the following post.
Saransh Bhatia , MBA 2014-16, Vinod Gupta School of Management, IIT Kharagpur
Land Acquisition act 1894 allowed the government to take owner land for country’s growth was amended in 2013 by UPA government.The land acquisition act was scrapped and new land acquisition bill came into existence. The current NDA government has made many changes in the bill but opposition parties are not satisfied with the bill and termed it as anti farmer. Due to minority in Rajya Sabha the bill is still not passed.
Let us compare what was there during UPA government and what changes are made during NDA government to get the clear understanding on the bill.The following were the changes during UPA governement:
1.If the land is acquired the work needs to be started necessary in 5 years. Otherwise the land will be returned back to the owner.
2.Government needs to take approval from 80% of land owners. For individual land the owner needs to approve.
3.Owner can move to court against government.
4.Government can not acquire cultivable land.
These four main points were introduced in Land Acquisition bill during UPA government. Let us see the Land acquisition bill 2015 from NDA government. The following are the main points:
1.Work can be started even after 5 years as many projects can take more than 5 years to start. If work is not started in 5 years the land will not be returned to the owner.
2.Government will need only 51% approval from land owners.
3.Owner cannot move to court.
4. Government can take cultivable land.
5.If government wants it can take individual land without approval as well.
The above points clearly demonstrate why the opposition parties are against the NDA government. The NDA government believes that instead the bill will help in development in the country. It still needs to be seen if government brings certain changes in the bill or will it go with the original bill.